ARTS AND CRAFTS OF ISLAMIC WORLD

ARTS AND CRAFTS OF ISLAMIC WORLD

Have you been wanting to buy arts and crafts of the Islamic world? Basically, arts and crafts of the Islamic world cover many epochs, geographies and cultures, thereby forming a rich, composite matrix comprising a wide range of handicrafts and artworks. A basic Google search would show several results –calligraphic art, carpets, glass pieces, brassware, ceramic pottery et al.

A lot has been written about Islamic arts and crafts. We have compiled a list of a few arts and crafts in order to help you decide what you would want to buy for your home.

1} Calligraphy: Arabic calligraphy is the most outstanding aspect of Islamic art – a unique combination of spirituality and handwriting. While Arabic was spoken in the Arab world aeons before Islam was established as its main religion in the 7th century, Arabic calligraphy really got a break after the coming of Islam. The need to transcribe the Glorious Quran in the shape of a book, and the ban on human and animal figures facilitated the rapid development of Arabic calligraphy. Calligraphers began transcribing passages from the Quran in varied fonts – fulfilling both a religious mission and contributing a big deal in the visual arts scene in the Muslim world. The walls, doors and ceilings of buildings constructed by Muslims have on display Arabic calligraphy which is now an evolved art form.

2} Miniature paintings: These small paper paintings are compiled in a ‘muraqqa’ or an album. Originating in 13th century AD in the courts of Persia, miniature paintings found their way into the Mughal courts of India, which were influenced by Persian culture. As they were used in the court for non-religious purposes and not necessarily viewed in public, restrictions on human and animal figures were often lifted from them.

3] Rugs and carpets: Carpet-weaving is a significant traditional occupation as well as a major industry that hires millions in Turkey, Iran, Central and South Asia. It is next only to calligraphy in terms of visibility in the Muslim world. With Arabic calligraphy stitched on to their central portion, carpets become wall art. Otherwise, they have practical utility in covering floors or serving as prayer mats. They are quite ornate, filled with dense intricate motifs and elaborate borders.

4} Ceramic pottery: Colourful ceramic plates and pots are aesthetic craft décor that can be put on the shelf or tables, or even affixed to the walls. The first pottery dates to 8th century Basra though the Chinese imprint came after the 13th century Mongol raids. Most pottery made in Muslim nations is characterised by blue and green, with floral patterns. In some cases, they have calligraphy also.

5) Brassware: Brass plates and pots, particularly those made in the Indian subcontinent, are aesthetic handicrafts that one can put on their shelves or tables or affix on their walls. They mostly have dense, vivid floral patterns.

As is obvious by now, tomes can be written on the arts and crafts of the Islamic world. Therefore, if you are looking to buy arts and crafts of the Islamic world, be ready to be awed by the rich variety available.

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